Acne is no fun – at any age. But knowing how it arises in your teen vs. adult years can help you stay in the clear.
Teens typically break out on the face, chest and back. Such breakouts often arise because androgens, the "male" hormones that both guys and girls have, surge during adolescence, causing excess production of sebum (oil).
The good news is that teens have faster cell turnover and more resilient skin than adults, which means they recover faster from breakouts. After the teenage years, acne tends to improve because teen hormonal changes have levelled off and no longer fuel breakouts.
How to Treat Teen Acne
- Focus on learning and maintaining good skin care habits because you will be more prone to acne in the future.
- Avoid products that contain harsh, inexpensive and comedogenic (pore-clogging) ingredients. Stripping ingredients such as Alcohol – commonly found in astringent toners – can cause skin to produce more oil, fuelling even more breakouts. Artificial fragrances and colours can also further irritate breakout-prone skin.
- Look for ingredients like Salicylic Acid and Benzoyl Peroxide to keep dead skin cells and bacteria from accumulating.
- Moisturise daily – even if your skin seems oily (use an oil-free moisturiser) – to help balance sebum production.
Thought you could outgrow acne? If only. Chronic stress and the varied hormonal changes of adulthood can throw adrenal glands into overdrive, which in turn can boost sebum production, setting the stage for acne development.
Adults also tend to have more inflammatory acne, with lesions predominantly located around the mouth, chin and jaw line. Treating adult acne can be challenging because adults also tend to face skin dryness, sensitivity and signs of ageing.
How to Treat Adult Acne
- Focus on spot treatment and balancing the skin, as well as making sure your other skin care needs are met.
- Avoid "picking" or "squeezing" breakouts at home, which can result in more breakouts, scarring or redness. Instead, see a professional skin therapist for an extraction.
- Skin can lose its ability to retain moisture with age. Avoid over-drying skin by choosing products that contain non-drying ingredients such as Salicylic Acid or Glycolic Acid to help remove dead skin cells, excess oil and dirt, as well as Colloidal Silver to control bacteria.
- If you're combating signs of skin ageing, Retinol – a wrinkle-smoothing ingredient – can also work well to help prevent acne breakouts.
OK, so what if you've taken measures to curb all of the above and you're still breaking out? See a professional skin therapist to figure out what the culprit is and get a personalised product prescription.
(This and other fantastic content can be found at Dermalogica.co.uk)
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